The threat of drones is ever increasing, especially against borders and critical installations. As such, HAVELSAN unveiled its Integrated Counter Unmanned Aerial Vehicles System (ICUAS), a multi-layered air defence solution against UAVs, to the public in MRBS’21.
HAVELSAN developed ICUAS to defend critical infrastructure and strategic areas against drone threats. The system offers three layers of protection, named outer, middle, and inner layers, with the protected infrastructure or area being at the centre. The operational concept of the system consists of the following:
- Detection: Detection of the drone with various sensors.
- Identification: Identification of the drone with sensors and UAV database.
- Threat Evaluation and Weapon Selection: Support to decision making for selection of correct weapons considering the type of the drone threat and which defence layer is best suited to intercepting the drone with decision support algorithms.
- Neutralisation: Neutralisation of the drone threat with selected weapons suited to the engagement area and the type and attack profile of threat UAVs.
HAVELSAN offers ICUAS as an integrated system consisting of various subsystems utilising its experience in command-and-control systems and systems integration. Sensor Interface Control (SIC) application, Sensor Data Management Application (SDM), UAV Database and HAVELSAN Application Platform form the backbone of the system. The system can be controlled by HAVELSAN Ground Control Station. The software can also be configured to be used in operation/crisis control centres as well.
HAVELSAN continues its concept verification process with the following weapon systems and sensors developed by TRANSVARO:
- TRV/GSR 0802 3D Drone Detection Radar
- TRV/GUARD 21 Electro-Optic Suite
- HRFD-U360 Radio Frequency Detector
- TRV-LDR-1000 LIDAR
- Acoustic Detectors
- HJAM-E06 UAV Jammer
- FEDAİ UAV Hunter
- HPeM-15-35-90 High-Powered Weapon System
These systems are all operational except for FEDAİ UAV Hunter and High-Powered Weapon System, and FEDAİ UAV Hunter is expected to be fully operational in December 2021. The development of the High-Powered Weapon System is still ongoing, while live demonstration of ICUAS against target UAVs is planned to be held relatively soon.
The system has an open architecture and a strong integration capability, and thus sensors and weapon systems from other manufacturers will be fully compatible. This feature and its wide range of hardware options are the key differentiator of the system from its competitors. Drone detection radars, electro-optic sensors and jammers are present in other anti-drone systems. However, ICUAS utilising a radar and LIDAR for detection and utilisation of high-powered weapon system and kamikaze UAV hunter differentiates the system from traditional solutions. LIDAR technology especially is an optimised solution for detecting very small and fast moving fixed-wing UAVs. As for FEDAİ, it enhances the firepower of the system with its image recognition seeker system and 40 km of range. The high-powered weapon system makes it impossible for the electronic systems of the drones to operate in its effective range.
The wide range of hardware of ICUAS enables realisation of a multi-layered air defence concept. For example, in the inner perimeter, it is risky to have physical neutralisation. The users of ICUAS, if unable to neutralise the threat drone in outer or middle layers, still have the capability to use soft kill against the threat drone utilising many options.
HAVELSAN also presented its future plans for ICUAS, and according to these, the system will be able to utilise dispersed sensors and weapons integrated into network-centric command-and-control system in a wide area, having IFF (Identification Friend of Foe) capabilities as well. The system will also be able to integrate into existing air defence early warning and air traffic control (ATC) systems in the future. Thus, the system may be a part of ATC systems in the future with its UAV air traffic control capabilities.